2011 m. gegužė 11 d., trečiadienis

Final self-assesment

Writing summaries
I believe that during this year I learned how to write a summary more-or-less. Of course, I have to make every effort in order to write a good summary because I make quite a lot grammatical mistakes.

Speaking
Short talks were useful for me because it helped to improve my English speaking skills. When I was preparing at home I checked the suitable words, the grammar and had an opportunity to think out what I want to talk about.
Speaking impromptu was the hardest to me. I know that my speaking skills are poor and it is really hard to say something when others are speaking very well. However, I think that my speaking skills become much better and I improved it over this year.
Power point presentations were the most interesting tasks for me during this course because I could choose the topics that I like the most and it was really enjoyable to search for information that is interesting for me.

Listening to online materials and cassettes are quite difficult for me. I think my performance depends on the speaker’s style of talking. If he or she speaks enough slowly then it is not very hard to understand but if speaker splatters and speaks fast than it really difficult for me to understand the talk.

ESP vocabulary
Class tests online was useful because we can revise the material that we have learnt at home and this task wasn’t difficult when I saw into the module fairly.
Moodle tests were very useful in preparation for ESP vocabulary tests in class. When I was doing these tests I used the book. So I could scan through the text one more time and prepare for a test much better.
Of course, formal tests in class were much more difficult because we couldn’t use books then and all information should be in our minds.

2011 m. gegužė 2 d., pirmadienis

Scared to Death: The Link Between Stress and Coronary Heart Disease

Summary

It is the fact that long-lasting stress affects human’s organism negatively. Many researchers are trying to establish the link between stress and heart disease.

To begin with, scientists carried out a number of studies to establish that link. One research reveals that people who experienced certain traumatic events such as violence, physical abuse or neglect in childhood are more likely to have a heart disease later in life. Other research examined patients who have experienced the first heart attack in their lives. This research showed that smoking, cholesterol profile, high blood pressure and obesity increase the probability of heart attack.

Stress can lead to heart diseases directly and indirectly. Increased blood pressure, induced inflammation and other physiological changes are direct effects on the heart that are caused by stress hormones. Moreover, people who suffer from stress can start to behave wrongly. Indirect effects on the heart are smoking, poor eating habits, lack of exercise and so on.

All in all, it is important for people to cope with stress because it has negative consequences which can be reason of heart diseases.

2011 m. balandis 26 d., antradienis

Stress Busters

Summary

Nowadays there are a lot of stressors in people’s lives. It is important to cope with stress that is caused by daily hassles. Alexander Garrett discovered how people can run away from background stressors.

Firstly, it is a good way to deal with stress by distinguishing personal life and work. In this case, a person can relax and forget work problems at home. What is more, domestic task or cooking a meal could be a good way to cope with stress because people can both mull over the events of the day and see gratifying results such as neat and tidy house or delicious meal.

In addition, people can forget about the stress in a gym or joga class. In this case, they can also improve their physical condition and become healthier. Furthermore, for some people writing is the way to unwind themselves because it helps forget the outside world.

All in all, there are many ways in which people can cope with stress and they are really simple and ordinary. The most important is to find one's own way to deal with stress.

GREAT DREAM

Everyone wants to live happy and successful lives. Great Dream is ten keys to happier living.

First key to happiness is giving. It means that it is very important to do things for others. When people give something to others they also give delight to themselves because they get from others happy smile, warm hug or something like this.
What is more, happy people connect with others. Human being is sociable creation and what people need is relating.
Furthermore, exercising is a good way to take care of the body and become healthier. It also lets to forget the daily problems.
People who notice pleasant details in the world are happier because they appreciate what they have.
Trying out is also important key that leads to happiness. When people learn new things they have an opportunity to improve their lives.
In addition, humans who have goals can live more efficiently. They seek what they want and little troubles don’t prevent them to seek their goals. So it is important to have direction of life.
Resilience is also important key for happy people. When people find ways to bounce back to normal life they save their time and can do things which are enjoyable for them.
It is the fact that optimist are happy person who are taking a positive approach. So it is important to express emotions.
Of course, two of the most important keys are acceptance and meaning. Everyone should be comfortable with who they are and feel that they are a part of something bigger.

References:
http://www.actionforhappiness.org/poster-great-dream

2011 m. balandis 18 d., pirmadienis

Happiness in Different Countries


What is happiness? There are so many definitions that define happiness. Little children think that happiness is new tow, lovely dog, shiny day or something like this. However, it is not very accurate. It would be better if we define happiness as a state of well-being during which people are having positive emotions and mood.

I would like to compare happiness in three different countries – Lithuania, United States and Tibet.

Firstly, little about Lithuania and perception of happiness here. Unfortunately, Lithuania is not one of the happiest country. It falls to the end of the list. One measure of unhappiness is suicide rate and there are really high number of suicides in our country. What is ineresting that males are more likely to kill themselves that females. On the average 8 of 10 self-murderers are males. So it is a fact that some lithuanians are not satisfied with their lives. Crisis, lower salaries, higher taxes, reports about murders, stealing and other bad events are words that are frequent in Lithuania. So maybe people think that the life is not so good and happy.

American have a different understanding of happiness. The American Dream is an idea which suggests that all people can succeed through hard work, and that all people have the potential to live happy, successful lives and a lot of people from United States have such dream. They think that happiness is a feeling when a person has a good job, earn lots of money, have an opportunity to allow their children to study in prestigious universities and so on.

Finally, I would like to talk about happiness in Tibet. There are totally different perception of happiness. According to a monk from Tibet, people can‘t find happiness or peace simply by changing their external surroundings and what they need is a change on the inside. In this case, people can find their plenitude and happiness and it is important to know that life is not a competition where people should seek to be better than others.

All in all, happiness is subjective state and all people perceive it really differently. For one person it could be money, big house or other material things and for other – it could be the harmonious life and the inner peace.

References:

2011 m. balandis 14 d., ketvirtadienis

Biorhythm

Biorhythm is an attempt to predict various aspects of a person's life through simple mathematical cycles. So I would like to compare my biorhythms and test results that I have got. When I had been taking my test my primary rhythms wasn’t really high. All of these were lower than midline. My physical intellectual biorhythm was about -50% and Emotional and Physical biorhythms were about -90%. However, I have done my test very well on that day – I got 100 %. What is more, I felt happy and energetic. So I don’t think that biorhythms are reliable because there was no link between my test results and biorhythms on that day.

References:

2011 m. balandis 6 d., trečiadienis

Cloning


To begin with, the idea of cloning animals was first suggested in 1938 by German embryologist Hans Spemann. So since then everything began and has been developing until now.

Firstly, I would like to talk little about the first mammal which has been successfully cloned from an adult cell. It was sheep named Dolly. She was cloned in Scotland. Although she seems healthy enough, she lived only six years – from 1996 until 2003. Dolly died from progressive lung disease and now her remains are at Edinburgh’s Royal Museum.

What about human cloning? Today science is not so far advanced that it could be possible for scientists to clone a human. I suppose that it is not necessary to do it because there is too much risk. Cloning is not natural process and we don’t know how it can affect a cloned human’s organism.

Of course, there are a lot of myths about it. There are some reports about cloned human but it is not truth because it hasn’t scientific proof. Moreover, some people think that clone is a copy of a real person, but it is not true. Clones aren’t exact copies. A human clone would be as similar as the genetic identical twin. A clone would have its own personality, character, intelligence and talents. It is impossible to clone a person’s brain or mind.

In my opinion, cloning is useful only for medical purposes when particular organs are cloned and transplant into human’s body. In this case, a lot of lives could be saved and people wouldn’t die from so many diseases. In addition, cloned organs would be genetically identical to a particular person so there is high probability that these organs would be accepted.

All in all, there are a lot of unanswered questions about cloning and I suppose that it would be good if people used cloning for medical purposes. On the other hand, it is not natural and we don’t know how it can affect a human.

References:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloning
http://www.bionetonline.org/english/content/sc_cont5.htm
http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/cloning.shtml